With a new season come new sporting activities for the kids and teenagers. Spring activities such as soccer, baseball and track and field keep the family running from game to game. Although kids and teenagers are young and may seem to bush off any bumps or bruises, there are still a few complications that may arise in a young one’s participation in sports. One complication is called Sever’s Disease.
Sever’s Disease, or also known as calcaneal apophysitis is seen in kids ranging from 8 to 14 years old. It occurs in the heel bone of active kids due to disruptions on the blood supply to the epiphysis, or growing part of bone. The cause of the growth plate disruption is due to a pulling force on the heel bone from the Achilles tendon, a force quite often found while participating in sports. Sever’s disease is more commonly found in boys compared to girls and may involve both heels.
Signs and Symptoms commonly found in Sever’s Disease:
Swelling and redness of the heel
Tight calf muscles in combination of heel pain
Treatment for Sever’s Disease depends on the severity and progression of the injury. It is important to note that continuation without proper treatment and healing may lead to a more serious injury. An X-ray may be needed to rule out any broken bones or other problems. Treatment recommendations may include cessation of sporting activity, heel lifts, cups or strapping that will reduce the amount of force on the heel. Anti-inflammatory medications may be needed to reduce swelling and recommendations for orthotics and stretching exercises can also be implemented. Treatment is indicated until symptoms resolve or mid-teens due to the growth plate hardening completely to the heel bone.
If you suspect Sever’s Disease in your child or notice any changes in their foot health, please consider making an appointment with Dr. Jay C. Larson at Sole Foot and Ankle Specialists in Glendale, Arizona.